Woods / Lacquers
Various different woods are used in the construction of guitars. Fender often use alder for the bodies of their guitars. These woods are light and are great for clean sounds. Ash is also used by Fender. There are two types of this wood. Hard ash is used for its sustaining qualities and bright sounds. Soft ash is also known as swamp ash has a warmer sound.
Gibson and PRS usually use mahogany often with maple tops on their guitars. Mahogany guitars are dark in sound and the use of maple tops can brighten the sound as well as enhance the look of the guitar. Companies that produce a wide range of rock orientated guitars such as Ibanez, Jackson and Charvel often use basswood. This wood is light and produces a warm tone.